Abstract: The tenon-and-mortise structure is the crystallization of the wisdom of the ancients, which is consistent with the concept of sustainable development in today’s society. However, from the actual situation, the tenon-and-mortise structure is gradually forgotten by people, and it is rarely used in production activities, losing its own value.
The article first introduces the basic concept of tenon-and-mortise structure, then analyzes the current situation, and finally puts forward specific strategies to promote its development.
1. Mortise and tenon structure
The practical application of tenon-and-mortise structure has been recorded very early in history, and it has continued to this day.
As an important invention of ancient Chinese handicraft technology, the tenon-and-mortise structure is the embodiment of the wisdom of the working people. It has the characteristics of scientificity and durability. Produce durable furniture.
Many ancient wooden buildings and furniture have been preserved in modern times, and they are in an intact state that can be appreciated by people. This complete preservation and the aesthetic experience it brings have a lot to do with the tenon-and-mortise structure.
The tenon-and-mortise structure makes disassembly and assembly of woodware not affect the use effect, and the firmness is very good.
It can be seen that the tenon-and-mortise structure is a great invention, and ShikaiNiu CNC will inherit it and apply it to modern society, such as Mortise and tenon-3Station.
2. The difficulty of using tenon and mortise structure in modern design
The tenon-and-mortise structure is mainly used in construction and furniture. However, due to the development of materials, the advancement of science and technology, and the more advanced technology has become the main production method, the traditional tenon-and-mortise structure is facing difficulties. Especially in the construction industry, mechanization has been achieved, and the material will not choose wood products, but more inclined to steel, concrete, etc., and the operation is relatively simple.
Although the tenon-and-mortise structure has powerful functions, people often choose advanced technology with obvious comprehensive advantages.
If the mortise and tenon structure technology is not inherited and innovated in time, it may be forgotten by people in the near future, and the modern production technology will completely replace the traditional craftsmanship.
If you want to inherit and develop the tenon-and-mortise structure, you must first analyze the actual situation, have a comprehensive understanding of it, and improve it on this basis to achieve better results.
The inheritance of tenon-and-mortise structure is not only the learning of craftsmanship but also the inheritance of spirit, allowing the wisdom of the ancients to play a role in modern society.
2.1 The difficulty of using in furniture design
With the improvement of people’s material living standards, the demand for furniture continues to increase. In order to meet the development needs, the furniture production adopts the large-scale production method, which has the characteristics of high efficiency.
In comparison, the tenon-and-mortise structure is relatively slow to manufacture and difficult to manufacture, requiring professionals to have professional skills.
In this case, industrial production has become the mainstream of furniture design and is generally recognized by people.
Restricted by technical conditions, the production of tenon-and-mortise structure cannot be automated, and requires manual operation, which increases the production cost. Enterprises generally do not choose traditional production methods for their own economic benefits.
Under the standardized furniture production mode, modern industrial technology has obvious advantages, and can produce a large number of products in a short time to meet people’s demand for furniture.
2.2 The difficulty of using in architectural design
The urbanization process in China has accelerated, and the scale of construction projects has continued to expand. From the perspective of construction technology, the joint stiffness of tenon-and-mortise structure is low, the lateral pressure resistance of the frame is weak, the hysteresis curve is seriously pinched, and the earthquake resistance is poor. Due to various defects, it cannot meet the needs of modern buildings.
With the continuous increase of urban population, in order to meet the living demand, there are more and more high-rise buildings, which greatly improves the space utilization rate. In the construction process, reinforced concrete is the main material, which has good stability and strength, but the tenon-and-mortise structure cannot meet the needs of development.
Therefore, the tenon-and-mortise structure has gradually disappeared in the building, and modern technology and materials have become the main choice. The performance is better, which is conducive to improving the quality of the project.
Only by strengthening the research on the tenon-and-mortise structure can it be effectively applied to construction production and realize modern inheritance.
3 The modern inheritance of traditional tenon-and-mortise structure
3.1 Furniture Design
The tenon-and-mortise structure is not only a craftsmanship, but also contains the spirit of craftsmanship, which is a manifestation of traditional culture. In the modern inheritance of the tenon-and-mortise structure, we must adhere to the concept of advancing with the times in order to achieve breakthroughs and innovations and meet the needs of actual production.
We must have a strong sense of historical responsibility and strive to find a way to combine the tenon-and-mortise structure with modern technology. Only by adapting to new technologies and materials can the tenon-and-mortise structure be effectively applied to furniture design.
We must strengthen research on problems, formulate effective solutions, and achieve the goal of craftsmanship.
It is not difficult to find that in many modern furniture, the tenon-and-mortise structure is still used, showing the inheritance of ancient skills. On the other hand, the tenon-and-mortise structure should not be protected simply as a kind of culture, but should be known to more people, and relevant materials can be sorted and analyzed to lay a solid foundation for later development.
Although science and technology are widely used in furniture design, the tenon-and-mortise structure is also indispensable. As long as it is used reasonably, it can also shine and improve the quality of furniture products.
3.2 Architectural Design
Architectural engineering has complex characteristics and involves different professional technologies. With the support of modern construction technology, it has achieved better development.
Modern wooden buildings have developed into an extraordinarily free form from plane to space, breaking the traditional geometrical form, and at the same time putting forward higher requirements for joint stiffness and freedom.
Many ancient wooden buildings have experienced thousands of years of wind and sun, and the quality is still very good. For example, a large amount of wood was used in the construction of the Forbidden City, and the mortise-and-mortise structure made the building stronger, which greatly enhanced the stability and reduced the impact of the external environment on it.
In the process of architectural design, we should pay attention to the application of tenon-and-mortise structure, actively overcome difficulties, find optimization methods, and improve the technical level on the existing basis.
The tenon-and-mortise structure has a broad market space. It needs to strengthen the integration with modern construction technology, and constantly innovate to meet the needs of modern architectural concepts. Taking the tenon-and-mortise structure as a reference for architectural design has a good effect on continuously improving the quality of the project.
The research on the modern inheritance of the traditional tenon-and-mortise structure is of great significance, which can make people feel the superb traditional skills and has good practical value. We should strengthen the research on mortise and tenon structure technology, establish a sense of innovation, and apply it in product design.